Contraindications to Combined Hormonal Contraception
The Combined Oral Contraceptive Pill (COCP), often referred to as the birth-control pill, or simply "the Pill", is a combination of an estrogen (oestrogen) and a progestin (progestogen) , taken by mouth to inhibit normal female fertility.
You may increase your risk to problems related to COCP if you have:
- Blood clots or history of blood clots
- A history of stroke or heart attack
- Coronary artery disease
- Known or suspected breast cancer, or cancer of uterus, cervix or vagina
- Unexplained vaginal bleeding
- Jaundice (yellowing of the whites of the eyes or skin) during pregnancy or during previous use of the pill
- Liver tumor
- Known or suspected pregnancy
- A planned surgery with prolonged bed-rest
- Though not listed by the FDA, most clinicians consider smoking in someone older than 35 to be a contraindication. The World Health Organization (WHO) does list this as a contraindication.